Competition Vocabulary


Japanese

English

ai uchi

simultaneous strike - no score

akka

red

atoshi baraku

a little more time left in the bout

chui

warning

chukoku

warning in a competition. First Category 1 or 2 warning without penalty

encho-sen

extension of the bout

hansoku

This is imposed following a very serious infraction in a competition or when a hansoku chui has already been given. It results in the disqualification of the contestant.

hansoku chui

this is a penalty in a competition, in which nihon (two points) is added to the opponent's score

hantei

decision

hiki wake

a draw in a bout

ippon

full point

jogai chui

warning for leaving the area

kamai

on guard

keikoku

this is a penalty in a competition; one point is added to the opponent's score

manaka ni haite

come to the centre of the contest area

moto no ichi

return to original positions

mubobi

self endangerment during a bout

nihon

two points in a bout

rei

bow

shiai

contest

shiai jo

contest area

shikkaku

This is a disqualification from the actual tournament, competition, or match. In order to define the limit of shikkaku, the Referee Council must be consulted

shimpan

judge/referee

shiro

white

shobu

match

shobu hajime

start the match or bout

shomen

place for dignitaries

shugo

judges are called during a bout

tarimasen

no score

tszukete hajime

resume fighting

waza ari

half point

yame

stop